What Is a Traunch?
A traunch can be described as several payments that will be made within a certain time frame in exchange for specific performance metrics being met. It is typically employed to refer to Venture capital (VC) circles to describe the rounds of fundraising for funding startups.
“Traunch,” as a concept, is “traunch” is based on the French word “tranche,” meaning “slice.” The term”tranche” is utilized in the context of securitization and also in the case of Mortgage-backed Securities (MBS).
One method investors try to minimize the risk of investing in companies that are just starting out is by dividing their capital investment into different tranches. For instance, a new company may want get $5 million of funding. Instead of paying the whole amount at once, the financier may offer a contract that the $5 million will be split between two traunches–$2.5 million now and the other $2.5 million will be paid on the future subject to certain performance goals being met.
From an investor’s point of view the investor’s perspective, splitting an investment into traunches reduces risk because it allows the investor to defer some of the funding planned if the company shows progress towards the business strategy. This could be in the form of performance goals for the development of products and revenue goals, as well as additional fundraising, or any other objectives. In general, businesses have limited time to meet the targets stated in every traunch. This can be a major obstacle to overcome during the beginning of the startup process.
Difficulty for Startups
However, this less flexibilities can create problems for startups in many ways. In the case of hiring, just a small portion of capital invested will make it hard for the company to get the right people to effectively develop its offerings. In addition, even if candidates are selected, the absence of a clear source of funding could make it difficult to keep the individuals.
Investments in traunch can also result in the inconsistency of rewards between the investor and the business. From an entrepreneur’s point of view it can be tempting to stay away from communicating with the investor about the issues that the company is facing, especially in the event that those issues may make the next traunch be unpaid. In the same way, the traunch system can encourage entrepreneurs to manipulate their performance numbers and confuse investors into thinking that they are making steady progress towards their goals.
Additionally, they may cause difficulties for the business owner to modify their business model in order to accommodate new opportunities, and also avoid unexpected risk. In the end, there’s no assurance that the goals selected at the time of the investment will be applicable over the next few years. In this way the traunch model can force entrepreneurs to prioritise insignificant milestones, whereas better opportunities may appear.
Real-World Example of a Traunch
If you’re one of the owners of the new company that recently signed an investment that is traunched. In the conditions of the financing agreement the company will receive $1 million in the present as well as $2 million over the next twelve months and $7 million over 24 months.
In order to secure these additional round of funding, you need to achieve certain objectives. In the next 12 months you’ll need to recruit for a variety of jobs. In the next 24 , you need to earn at least $500,000 in income. If you fail to meet these goals, it means that you’ll lose the next round of funding.
While you are adamant about these conditions, you’re worried that you will be unable to fulfill these requirements. You are concerned that the employees that you are looking to hire are hesitant to join your company due to the fact that you won’t be able to provide them with longer than 12 months from the beginning. In addition, you expect that it will be difficult to find the clients and partnerships that are required for achieving your revenue target.
If your business’s long-term prospects are in doubt potential partners and customers may want to hold off the signing of agreements with your business until it is on more stable financial position. This could cause you to struggle to reach your revenue target.